The Free State province lies between the Vaal River in the north and the Orange River in the south. This province lies central on the interior plateau of South Africa and is characterized by its grass plains and dolerite hills. On the south-eastern border are the mountains of Lesotho. the eastern highlands are well-known for their beautiful sandstone formations in hues of yellow, brown, orange and pink. Some of South Africa's most valued San rock paintings are found in the Free State.
Bloemfontein is the capital of the Free State. It also houses the Supreme Court of Appeal of South Africa. The Free State Province is in the summer rainfall region of South Africa. Bloemfontein receives 559 mm rain annually. The summers are temperate to warm, and the winters are dry and sunny, but the winter nights are cold.