Mpumalanga means 'area of the rising sun'. The Kruger National Park and many private game reserves are situated in the Mpumalanga province. The Transvaal Drakensberg runs from north to south through Mpumalanga and forms part of the great escarpment. The terrain of Mpumalanga varies. On the western side of the escarpment, you will find the Highveld with its grasslands and on the eastern side the Lowveld with its subtropical savanna plains.
Travel and tourism is an important part of the economy of the Mpumalanga province. Coal mining, petroleum manufacturing, steel factories and forestry also contribute to the BNP. The population of 3.3 million speaks SiSwati, IsiZulu, IsiNdebele and English. The capital city is Nelspruit. Other urban centers include Middelburg, Witbank, Bethal, Barberton, Ermelo, Piet Retief, Secunda and Standerton.
You will find that summers can be very hot in Mpumalanga, especially in the Lowveld. Winter temperatures are moderate to high. On the Highveld, the winter nights can be quite cold with frost. The annual rainfall of Nelspruit is 767 mm and often occurs in the form of thunderstorms.